Tree cavity nester

Black-rumped Flameback Dinopium benghalense

Notable features Also known as lesser goldenback, they have golden yellow backs. The black throat is diagnostic.The wings have white markings on black near the shoulder region.Range Common throughout India, found in urban areas too. Range Common throughout India, found in urban areas too.
lesser goldenback

Photo1 Courtesy of Tarique Sani, Photo2 Courtesy of Vijay Anand Ismavel
Sound Courtesy of Albert Lastukhin & Sergei Karpeev, XC208903. Accessible at

Rose-ringed Parakeet Psittacula krameri

Key features Green birds with a hooked red bill. The male has a black and rose ring around the neck.Female lacks the bright rings around the neck.Range All over India.It is a gregarious bird.
rose-ringed parakeet

Photo1 Courtesy of Ramakrishna Reddy Y, Photo2 Courtesy of Ravindra R
Sound Courtesy of Rajgopal Patil, XC207014, Accessible at

Greater Flameback Chrysocolaptes guttacristatus

Notable features Also known as greater goldenback, they are large birds with plain golden-yellow wings. They have a very broad black band running across the eyes down through the sides of the neck. Their throat is mostly white with thin black stripes. Range In India, it is found in Western Ghats,the Himalayas and down into Bengal, Odisha and towards the interior into Chattisgarh.
Greater Flameback woodpecker index img

Photo1 Courtesy of THE PHOTOMATION, Photo2 Courtesy of Vijay Anand Ismavel
Sound Courtesy of David Farrow, XC42621. Accessible at

Alexandrine Parakeet Psittacula eupatria

Key features They are similar to rose-ringed parakeets but can be distinguished by the maroon patch on their shoulders. The male has a broader blackblack “mustaches” and a pink “kerchief” tied around their necks.Female similar except for missing the bright rings around the neck.Range Almost all of India except the arid regions of North-western India..
Psittacula eupatria

Photo1 Courtesy of Shaunak Modi,Photo2 Courtesy of Charles Lam
Sound Courtesy of Sarthak Awhad, XC187974. Accessible at

Plum-headed Parakeet Psittacula cyanocephala

Notable features Male has head coloration that reminds very much of a plum and beak color reminiscent of ripe mangoes. They have a red shoulder patch.The tail is blue,tipped with white. Alas! the female’s head lacks the grand colors, she has a dull blue-grey head with a yellow collar and beak.Shoulder patch is absent too. Range All over India except very dry areas of Western-India.
plum-headed parakeet male and female

Photo1 Courtesy of Sumeet Moghe , Photo2 Courtesy of  Tarique Sani
Sound Courtesy of Pamela C. Rasmussen , AV16014. Accessible at Avocet Avian Vocalizations Center