I invite you to take a tour through images of this woodpecker. I have handpicked images which captures the key features of the bird. By seeing these photos, and reading the tips below, you will learn to recognize this bird. When you see these bird photos,in addition to my tips,I encourage you to make your own mental notes of features you find unique and striking.
Photo Courtesy of Sajanjs @ Kerala India, Nov 2010
You can positively identify this woodpecker as the black-rumped flameback by its black throat. The black throat helps distinguish it from the similar greater flameback.You can also tell that this is a male bird as the red in its crown extends to its forehead.
Photo Courtesy of Tarique Sani @ Seminary Hill, Nagpur, Maharashtra, Apr 2011
This is a female black-rumped flameback (lesser golden-backed) woodpecker. The female can be identified because the red in its crown does not reach forward till its forehead. The forehead is black and white in female birds.
Photo Courtesy of Manish Kumar @ IIT Delhi, Nov 2013
This bird has white markings on black near the shoulder region. So the black-rumped flamebacks has patterned wings.The similar looking greater flameback has plain golden yellow wings. The rump i.e. the lower back above the tail of the bird, is black as their name suggests. In the greater flameback birds, the rump is red. This region is visible only when the back is exposed when the bird flaps its wings or leaning forward.
They adapt well in regions where people live and are comfortable on a varied diet of insects,fruit or even food scraps. So if you see a woodpecker in a city or town, chances are very high that it is the black-rumped flameback woodpecker.They are widespread across the Indian subcontinent including India, Pakistan,Bangladesh,Sri Lanka, Nepal,Bhutan and Burma.The nesting season is from February to July.
1.Black-rumped flameback page @ Wikipedia
2.Greater flameback page @ Wikipedia
3.The Book of Indian Birds By Salim Ali published by The Bombay Natual History Society.
4.Handbook to the Birds of the Bombay Presidency By Lieut.H.Edwin Barnes,D.A.C,1885
5.Black-rumped flameback page @ IUCN Red List